Open-Back vs Closed-Back Headphones

Marc Henshall | March 21, 2014

High-quality headphones make mixing more accurate or listening to music more enjoyable. There are two distinct varieties of headphones available: closed back and open back. Each type has specific advantages or disadvantages depending on your application. So which type is right for you?

Open-back and closed-back headphones next to each other
 

Closed-Back Headphones

Closed headphones are the most common variety available. In this configuration, the speaker is mounted into a solid ear-cup, which does not allow air or sound to enter or exit. The key advantage to this configuration is sound isolation. You can monitor or listen to your audio without distraction from outside noise and without disturbing those around you. Sound isolation makes closed-back models a good choice for recording applications, where you need to ensure that sound does not bleed into the microphone.
 

Open-Back Headphones

Open headphones have a different design. The ear-cup has holes or perforations, which allow air and sound to pass through the back of the ear-cup. Because air can pass in and out of the headphone, the sound signature is different to closed-back models. Open-back headphones are often described as sounding more natural, open, or "airy", with a wider stereo image. This makes open-back models a great choice for recording engineers who use headphones to mix and monitor their productions. This is because they have the most accurate and most natural sound possible.
 

The Bottom Line

If you're looking for a private listening experience or isolated monitoring during a recording session, your best bet is to use closed-back headphones. Open-back headphones are the most accurate and natural option, but would not be a suitable choice when listening to music in a noisy environment or when recording using a microphone.  Shure makes a variety of both headphone types to suit a variety of applications and budgets. The following are some examples:

SRH440 - At under $100 these professional quality closed-back headphones are optimized for home or studio recording and provide exceptional sound reproduction at this price point.

SRH840 - The 840s are also closed-back, and provide an ideal choice for professional audio engineers and musicians in the studio for recording and critical listening. From a personal listening perspective, they're a little more bass heavy than our 940 model (up-next), which can enhance your favorite music if this is your thing.

SRH940 - The most accurate and flat sounding closed-back Shure model. Perfect for professional engineers who require great detail and accuracy in a closed back model also suitable for tracking. If you're running a home or project studio and can only afford one pair of headphones - the 940's offer the best balance between sound isolation and accuracy.

SRH1540 - The latest addition to the closed back Shure range. You could be mistaken for assuming these are an upgrade from the 940 model. This is not necessarily the case. The SRH1540 is the most premium closed personal listening experience from Shure, offering an extended low and high-frequency response, and greater comfort - making them the perfect choice for music enthusiasts and audiophiles. The 940s are still the more accurate of the two.

SRH1440 - Designed for mastering and critical listening, the 1440's premium-padded headband provides hours of listening comfort. The perfect entry to professional open-back headphones.

SRH1840 - Developed with premium materials and precision engineering, the 1840s are Shure's premier open-back option. Natural, "airy", and detailed sound, with wide stereo imaging, makes them ideally suited to professional recording, mastering, and audiophile applications.

The complete range of Shure headphones can be viewed on the Shure.com website. If you have a question about which headphone is right for your application, pop it in the comments box below and we would be happy to assist. Happy listening.

 

Marc Henshall

Marc forms part of our Pro Audio team at Shure UK and specialises in Digital Marketing. He also holds a BSc First Class Hons Degree in Music Technology. When not at work he enjoys playing the guitar, producing music, and dabbling in DIY (preferably with a good craft beer or two).