I have a camcorder (Canon XL-1) with XLR inputs for left and right channels. Most mics I own seem to be mono or one channel. If I want the input from the mic to be recorded in stereo, what do I need to do. Get a "Y" stereo splitter? What if I had a 4 mic mixer? Could I have 4 sound sources and record them all in stereo (2 channels) with the same technique or solution? I don't want the audio on my video tape to be mono.
To be precise, one mic signal going to both channels on your recorder is not "stereo". It is simply mono recorded on two tracks. Stereo implies two different but related audio signals.
We will assume that the Canon XL-1 is not supplying phantom power or bias to the mics. In that case, a simple Y adapter will work. Go to: Markertek to find XLR to XLR Y adapters.
When using a four input mono mixer, like the Shure SCM268, the Y adapter can be used to feed the Canon Left and Right inputs.